Alfonso el Sabio

Alfonso X (November 23, 1221, Toledo, Spain – April 4, 1284, Seville, Spain) was a Spanish monarch who ruled as the King of Galicia, Castile and León from 1252 until his death. He was elected Rex Romanorum in 1254. His nicknames were el Sabio (the Wise, more accurately translated the Learned) and el Astrólogo (the Astronomer). Statue of Alfonso X in Madrid (J. Alcoverro, 1892). Monument to Alfonso X in La Puebla del Río, SevilleAlfonso was the eldest son of Ferdinand III of Castile and Elisabeth of Hohenstaufen. His maternal grandparents were Philip of Swabia and Irene Angelina. As a writer and intellectual he gained considerable scientific fame based on his encouragement of astronomy and the Ptolemaic cosmology as known to him through the Arabs. (Because of this, the Alphonsus crater on the Moon is named after him). His fame extends to the preparation of the Alfonsine tables, based on calculations of al-Zarqali Alzarquel. One famous quote attributed to him was supposedly said upon hearing an explanation of Ptolemy's theory of astronomy and being shown the extremely complicated mathematics required to prove it - If the Lord Almighty had consulted me before embarking on creation thus, I should have recommended something simpler. The validity of this quotation is questioned by some historians. Alfonso supported the long-established program of translation traditionally known as School of Translators of Toledo that increased the flow of ancient Greek and Arabic knowledge...

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